Skip to main content

Welcome

CINCH - Health Economics Research Center

Virtual Essen Health Economics Seminar

22.06.2021

On Monday, June 28 2021, 16:00 - 17:30, Bettina Siflinger (Tilburg University) will present:

The Effect of Retirement on Mental Health: Indirect Treatment Effects and Causal Mediation

People experience multiple changes in their lives after retirement which can affect their mental health. In this paper, we examine the mediating impact of grandparental childcare in the effect of retirement on mental health among elderly women in Europe. We apply a semi-parametric estimation strategy to disentangle the total effect of retirement on mental health into a direct effect, and an indirect effect mediated through grandparental childcare. We find that retirement directly leads to a significant increase in mental health problems. However, this effect is completely offset by a significant reduction in mental health problems generated by a mediating effect of grandparental childcare. As a result, the total effect of retirement on mental health is close to zero. We then examine country-specific heterogeneity in the provision of public childcare and find that the mediating effect unfolds its full compensating strength in countries in which grandparental childcare is supplemental to public childcare. Our results have important implications for designing old-age social policies.

Room: Due to the current situation regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, the talk will be held in a virtual seminar room. For more information click here.


Virtual Essen Health Economics Seminar

15.06.2021

On Monday, June 21 2021, 16:00 - 17:30, Krzysztof (Chris) Karbownik (Emory University) will present:

Getting a Second Chance? Prenatal Health Shocks and Infant Health Care

Prenatal health insults have negative consequences on adult outcomes while post- natal policies were shown to benefit treated children. Here, combining two orthogonal difference-in-differences designs, we document that access to health care center at ages 0-1 reduces the negative effects of prenatal influenza exposure on completed years of education, lifetime earnings, and adult health. This suggests that health interventions early in childhood can compensate for the adverse health shocks experienced in-utero.

Room: Due to the current situation regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, the talk will be held in a virtual seminar room. For more information click here.


Virtual Essen Health Economics Seminar

08.06.2021

On Monday, June 14 2021, 16:00 - 17:30, Anne Brenøe (University of Zurich) will present:

Explaining the Effect of Breastfeeding Promotion on Infant Weight Gain: The Role of Nutrition

Using data from the only large-scale randomized controlled trial promoting prolonged exclusive breastfeeding, we show the intervention significantly and persistently increased weight-for-age, but did not have robust effects on other child health measures. To explain this result, we provide novel evidence of changes in infant feeding patterns. The estimated increase in calories treated infants consumed fully explain the weight gain in early infancy. This suggests breastfeeding has beneficial effects on infant health in contexts where breast milk is a replacement for low-calorie liquids, but effects may not be generalizable to settings where higher-quality alternatives are more common..

Room: Due to the current situation regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, the talk will be held in a virtual seminar room. For more information click here.